This is an introductory guide to help you understand how investment-linked insurance works. It gives you basic information so that you can make an informed decision when purchasing investment-linked insurance policy.
What is an investment-linked insurance plan?
An investment-linked plan is a life insurance plan that combines investment and protection. The premiums that you pay provide you not only with life insurance cover but part of the premiums will also be invested in specific investment funds of your choice. As a policyholder, you can choose how to allocate your insurance premiums towards protection and investment.
The insurance coverage provided would include death benefit, disability and critical illness.
The investment fund is divided into units of equal value. The prices of these units are published daily in the newspapers for you to track the value of your investments.
Unique features of investment-linked plan
- You are given the flexibility to choose your own level of protection and investment.
- You can vary the amount of your premium payments or coverage according to your changing financial circumstances.
- You can choose from a wide variety of funds to invest in, depending on the level of risk that you are comfortable with.
- Investment in growth or equity-related funds may give higher returns than traditional life insurance plans over the long term. However, you have to bear in mind that higher returns come with greater risks.
Types of investment-linked insurance plans
Understanding the risk
- Investment-linked plans, like other types of investments, involve exposure to investment risk. Since an investment-linked plan is linked to the unit price of an investment fund (managed by the insurance company), the total value of the plan fluctuates with the movements in the unit price.
- When the unit price falls, the value of your investment will also reduce and vice versa. You may realise a gain or loss when you sell your units. You may even get less than what you have invested.
- Past performance of the investment-linked fund’s track record can only be a guide to its future performance which is not guaranteed.
Importance considerations in choosing the right plan
Once you have decided on buying an investment-linked insurance plan, you have to consider factors such as the amount of investment, the choice of either single or regular-premium plan, types of funds, and the level of protection you need. Buying such a product is like having a personalised plan tailored to your special financial needs. It is important that you evaluate your options carefully to find the right plan with the right fund to suit your needs. There are a few things that you must consider when buying an investment-linked insurance plan:
- Protection cover – The premium that you pay usually provides insurance coverage for death and total permanent disability. With additional premium, you can also be covered for certain critical illnesses and other options.
- Fees and charges – There are various types of fees and charges which will reduce the value of investment.
- Cash value accumulation – Regular-premium investment-linked plans may not accumulate adequate cash value during the early policy years. This means that if the policy is terminated during the early period, you may not get back any investment value.
- Right fund to invest – You are given a choice of investing in various funds. Funds that are invested mainly in equities will involve higher risks than those invested in fixed income securities or bonds. For example, you may choose a growth fund that invests in equities, a more secure fund in bonds and other fixed interest investments, or a combination of the two. Some insurance companies offer Islamic Funds, which are invested in accordance with Shariah principles.
- Fund switching – Should you feel that you have made the wrong choice or you would like to change the profile of your investment portfolio, you are allowed to switch your units from one investment fund to another. Most companies allow one switch per year without any fee. For additional switches, a processing fee of up to RM100 may be charged.
Bid and offer prices
You will be provided with two prices: the offer price for selling units and the bid price for buying them back, much like unit trusts. The difference between the offer and bid prices is called the bid/offer spread and is usually expressed as a percentage of the offer price, normally around 5%.
- Fees and charges
- Like buying unit trusts or shares, there are several types of fees charged when you buy an investment-linked insurance plan:
- Initial charge – This is paid at the inception of a policy to cover the administration costs such as policy issuance and marketing.
- Fund management fee – This is the fee charged for managing the investments of the funds and is directly charged to the investment-linked funds account.
- Policy fee – Fee to cover the ongoing administration costs of the regular-premium plan and is usually charged by deducting from the units.
- Other charges – These will be deducted from the units of your investment account, and include charges for the basic life insurance cover and other add-on rider benefits. The amount to be charged will depend on the level or type of insurance cover chosen, as well as other factors such as your age, sex and smoker status.
You should receive at least an annual statement on the status of your investment-linked insurance plan, showing all transactions or charges during the period, from your insurance company.
What you need to remember
- Before you put your money into an investment-linked plan, think about the risks you are willing to take and make sure you fully understand the risks involved and be prepared to have your money tied-up for a certain period.
- You can get professional advice from your insurance company or your agent on the risks and benefits of a particular investment-linked insurance plan.
- Read carefully all the information provided.
- There is a 15-day cooling-off period for you to decide whether you wish to go ahead with the investment-linked insurance plan after you have signed for it. If you decide to cancel your plan within this period, the insurance company will refund in full any fees and charges that you have paid. However, the amount refunded to you may be more or less than what you have paid, depending on the price of the units at the time of cancellation.